Review of Court Decisions: ¿Does Ukraine Guarantee the Right to a Fair Trial in Appeal?
The right to appeal to the court of appeal instance and cassation instance was enshrined in the 1996 Constitution of Ukraine, which formed the basis for the creation of special courts of cassation in 2010, making the four-levels structure of judiciary review in Ukraine. At the same time, this did not help to solve the problem of the number of cases brought annually to the courts of cassation. Currently, we have a three-levels structure according to the provisions of amended Constitution 2016 and the reformed legislation, though, the same problem of overcrowded court of cassation despite the existing restrictions and the role of court of cassation exists.
The main object of this article is the following question – does Ukraine develop the national system of appeal the judicial decisions, ensuring the right to a fair trial, given the citizens an access to justice and right to appeal to the court of higher instances, or not? We are trying to answer, using the methods of investigating the legal doctrine and generalizing the national judicial practice, as well as the case-law of the European court of Human Rights (ECtHR).
In conclusion we found out the right answer on the question, chosen for our research, and proposed to regulate strictly the possible objects available for appeal by parties, according to the principle of rei judicata in line with the conception of a fair trial.
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