Socio-cultural and psychological factors of criticism of the legal idea
The juridical structure involves the choice of a legal model formed by abstraction, or idealization, of the legislative project. The goal of this paper is to identify the cultural and psychological factors of the many-sided criticism of the idea of the rule of law, which is fundamental for constitutional state. Methodology: a concrete historical method was used to analyze the variety of criticism of the idea of the rule of law from Karl Marx to the present, excluding the concept of denial of law. Results: unlike criticism by Marx and Mannheim of law in terms of ideology, contemporary theorists criticize the idea of the rule of law from their own psychological and cultural positions such as ignoring the role of specific socio-cultural conditions that generate special legal norms and relations, is often exploited to position these norms and relations as natural and universal. In the opposite case, the existence of universal legal knowledge (epistemic relativism associated with the relativity of the existence of legal facts) and universally valid legal norms (moral and legal relativism associated with the relativity of the meanings of legal ideas, concepts and norms) is denied, since ideas and values always depend on the views of cognitive or moral subject. Conclusion: while modern law and society need multidimensional criticism from different perspectives, then the idea of the rule of law requires protection in the framework of the theory and philosophy of law.
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