Features of local government formation and development in the Republic of Armenia (using the example of Gavar city municipality of the Gekharkunik Region)
New sovereign states appeared after the collapse of the USSR, which have to develop democratic society for a long time. With the development of public administration decentralization, a significant part of the obligations and powers to manage the property of cities and rural areas, health, education, culture, and sports was transferred to the localities. The process of the legal field of municipality development began, which has not been completed to this day. The optimization of municipality management in modern conditions will allow to achieve the highest possible results, enhance the involvement of the local population in the development of the city, to address the issues of local importance more effectively. The great difficulty in the study of modern problems of local self-government is conditioned by the presence of different points of view on the issue of its essence, the absence of a unified theory of local self-government and the existence of different models and forms of its organization. The absence of the established interaction practice between population, government and judicial structures, the underdevelopment of political culture, apathy and lack of confidence in the authority points to the insufficiency of control forms and responsibility specified in the law of the Republic of Armenia on local self-government. The article substantiates the need to increase the importance of local self-government in society, allows to realize the diversity of population interests, satisfy their socio-economic needs, act as the most important means of Armenia region stabilization and development and the state as a whole, the formation of civil society. The municipality must solve local problems with its own forces and means, and be responsible for its decisions. Local governments should own and manage municipal property, including local finances independently - these are the necessary economic conditions for the exercise of their authority.
Annual Report of the Mayor of Gavar Gurgen Martirosyan (2016 г.). URL: http://www.gavariqaghaqapetaran.am/city/report/15 (date of the application: 18.01.2019).
Annual report of the Mayor of Gavar Gurgen Martirosyan (2017 г.). URL: http://www.gavariqaghaqapetaran.am/city/report/15 (date of the application: 18.01.2019).
Arutyunyan A.Sh. (2014). Municipal law of the Republic of Armenia. Yerevan, 2014. 348 p.
Beglaryan G.G. (2015). Social problems of local government in Armenia. Yerevan, 2015. 286 p.
Beleshovа, A. (2007). Project Management: Organization and monitoring of project implementation, analysis and regulation of project implementation. Retrieved December 12, 2018, from http://www.bkworld.ru/archive/y2007/n07-2007/n07-2007_338.html
Butko, Lyudmila; Makogon, Boris; Nifanov, Aleksei; Poluhin, Oleg; Tychinin, Sergey (2019). La formalización del territorio en las Constituciones de los países CEI. Revista Científica del Amazonas. Vol. 2, Núm 3, 47-55.
Chikhladze L.T. (2005). Local government and local government of foreign countries and CIS member states. Comparative legal analysis. M .: NOTA BENE, 2005. 284 р.
Constitution of the Republic of Armenia. URL: http://www.parliament.am/law_docs5/06122015.pdf (date of the application: 17.05.2019).
Declaration on the principles of local self-government in the CIS member states of October 29, 1994. URL: https://www.lawmix.ru/abrolaw/11769 (date of the application: 15.05.2019).
Dzhangiryan J. D. (2003). The state power of the Republic of Armenia: the system of organs and the mechanism of interaction. Moscow: Kogito Center, 2003.
European Charter of Local Self-Government dated October 15, 1985. URL: http://base.garant.ru/2540485 (date of the application: 15.05.2019).
Law of the Republic of Armenia “On Local Self-Government” dated June 5, 2002. URL:http://www.parliament.am/legislation.php?ID=1305&lang=rus&sel=show. (date of the application: 17.05.2019).
Law of the Republic of Armenia “On Municipal Service” of December 14, 2004. URL: http://www.parliament.am/legislation.php?ID=2028&lang=rus (date of the application: 14.01.2019).
Law of the Republic of Armenia “On the Administrative-Territorial Division of the Republic of Armenia” of November 7, 1995. URL: http://base.spinform.ru/show_doc.fwx?Rgn=2938 (date of the application: 10.05.2019).
Manukyan, V. M. (2007). Local Government and Regional Administration in the Republic of Armenia: dissertation of the candidate of legal sciences. Moscow, 2007.
The budget of the community of Gavar 2017. URL: http://www.gavariqaghaqapetaran.am/city/budget (date of the application: 14.01.2019).
Tumanyan D. (2014). Reforms of local self-government in Armenia: Political options and ways. Yerevan, 2014. 228 р.