Modern Challenges to Engagement an Expert in Criminal Proceedings on Economic Crimes in Ukraine
Vital meaning for proving the committing an economic crime has the use of specific knowledges, e.g., in form of forensic examination, as evidenced by the fact that the engagement of an expert for determination of damages in criminal proceedings is obligatory. In criminal proceedings of economic crimes under the current criminal procedural regulation it is impossible at the begin of the criminal proceedings to lawfully appoint the audit or inspection, which challenges the lawfulness of the conducting of forensic examination; this requires to be corrected on regulatory level. The purpose of the paper is systematization of specificity of the grounds and pattern of engagement of an expert in criminal proceedings in regard to economic crimes under the renewed pattern of the engagement of expert. The methodology of the study consisted of philosophical, scientific general and specific methods of scientific knowledge. In particular, it is a systematic, method of functional analysis, historical and legal, formal and logical regulatory methods. Practical implications. It was suggested indicating in сriminal procedure law, respectively, for the prosecuting party – a right to demand an appointing the audit and inspection, for the defence party – the obligation to ordering the audit and inspection as separate means of gathering and controlling evidences. Therefore, in Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine should be indicated a precept, obliging the parties to indicate in petitions an expert who should be engaged, or an expertise authority which should conduct examination, and investigating judge – to ground his decision about indicating other, than it is indicated in petition, expert who should be engaged, or an expertise authority which should conduct examination.
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