Characterization of the genetic structure of a Hereford breed herd based on STR loci
The authors present a characterization of the genetic structure of a Hereford breed herd based on 15 STR loci of nucleotide sequences of the DNA. Ear tissue from 30 heifers obtained from “Bizon” LLC (Tyumen Region, Russia) was used as the material for the study. The set of markers for analysis included 15 microsatellites: BM 1818, BM 1824, BM 2113, CSRM 60, CSSM 66, ETH 3, ETH 10, ETH 225, ILST 006, INRA 023, SPS 115, TGLA 53, TGLA 122, TGLA 126, TGLA 227. To achieve the goal, the authors determined allele frequencies, polymorphism, observed and expected heterozygosity and Wright’s fixation index. The survey found that 15 microsatellite loci included 104 alleles, the frequencies of which ranged from 0.017 to 0.683. The average number of informative alleles per locus was 6.93 and the number of effective alleles was 4.96, or 71.6%. An increase in the number of alleles in the locus was accompanied by an increase in the level of polymorphism, which was confirmed by the value of the positive correlation coefficient, which was 0.794 (p < 0.001). The TGLA 53 locus had the highest polymorphism and the number of effective alleles was 10.0. The TGLA 126 locus had the lowest polymorphism and the number of effective alleles was 2.3. An analysis of genetic diversity demonstrated that the highest observed heterozygosity was registered in the TGLA 53 locus and was 0.950 and the highest expected heterozygosity was recorded in the CSSM 66 locus and was 0.860. The average level of observed heterozygosity was 0.783, the average level of expected heterozygosity was 0.691 and Wright’s fixation index was 0.133, indicating a high level of genetic diversity of Hereford herds.
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