A comparative discourse analysis of the american dream and the China dream

  • Saeid Sarani Islamic Azad University.
  • Mohammad Reza Dehshiri School of International Relations, Iran
Keywords: American Dream, China Dream, International System, Discourse Analysis.


The American dream and China dream are two examples of such discourses that superpowers and even international powers need to exercise and develop their power and help them legitimise and expand. The main purpose of this article is the study of the system of metaphors that is present in the discourses of the American Dream and the China Dream interacts with the international system. Countries that are at lower levels of power scale need to consolidate their position in these discourses based on the conceivable future. The main question of this article is this: What are the similarities and differences between the American Dream and the China dream from the perspective of discourse? To answer this question, we could say it seems that the Chinese government, due to the increasing Washington-Beijing competition in the economic and political- security arena, has come up with the idea to put forward the china dream to counter the American dream discourse. However, due to its low availability, acceptance, and credibility, the china dream has not gained the expected success. Therefore, the hypothesis of this article is as follows: the discourse of the China dream has been formed to counter the American dream, but due to the weakness of means of the discourse, it has had little influence on the international system. The research method of this thesis is descriptive-analytic (describe and interpret the situations, conditions, and relationships between the variables of this case study). Furthermore, we have used a documentary research method to collect the necessary material in this research.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Saeid Sarani, Islamic Azad University.

PhD student in International Relations Islamic Azad University.

Mohammad Reza Dehshiri, School of International Relations, Iran

Associate Professor of Foreign Ministry University.


Al, S. (2017). The Strip Las Vegas and the architecture of the American dream. Cambridge, Mass. The MIT Press.

Asghar Khani, A. M. (2014). The Characteristics of Soft Power in Chinese Foreign Policy. International Politics Quarterly, 1.

Berkofsky, Axel (2016) “The Chinese Dream” and Chinese Foreign and Security Policies—Rosy Rhetoric versus Harsh Realities, Asia-Pacific Review, 23:2, 109-128, DOI: 10.1080/13439006.2016.1244963 Chai, Y., & Yunxia, Yue. (2019). Sino-Latin American economic and trade relations. Singapore: Springer.

Chomsky, N., Corren, D., Nyks, K., Hutchison, P., & Scott, J. (2017). Requiem for the American dream. Prince Frederick, Md.: Recorded Books.

Churchwell, S. (2019). BEHOLD, AMERICA : a history of America first and the American dream. Place Of Publication Not Identified], Bloomsbury Publishing.

Clinton, Bill (1993) CLINTON'S ECONOMIC PLAN: The Speech; Text of the President's Address to a Joint Session of Congress, available in https://www.nytimes.com/1993/02/18/us/clinton-s-economic-plan-speech-text-president-s-address-joint-session-congress.html

Du, P., Yang, D., & Yu, S. (2019). The development of e-governance in China : improving cybersecurity and promoting informatization as means for modernizing state governance. Singapore: Springer ; Beijing, China.

Friedman, T.L. (2012) “China Needs Its Own Dream”, The New York Times, 2 October 2012, http://www.nytimes.com/2012/10/03/opinion/friedman-china-needs-its-owndream.html?_r=0

Gholamreza Kashi, M. R. (2000). The Magic of Speech: Cultural Subjectivity and the Semantic System in the Second of KHORDAD (June)Elections. Tehran: Future Pouyan Cultural Institute.

Hanson, S., & White, J. (Eds.). (2011). The American Dream in the 21st Century. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt14bt97n

Hoff, J. (2007). A Faustian Foreign Policy from Woodrow Wilson to George W. Bush: Dreams of Perfectibility. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. DOI:10.1017/CBO9780511511592

Mac Donnelly, D. (2001). Introduction to Discourse Theories. Tehran: Discourse Culture.

Mitchell, R (2015) “Clearing up Some Misconceptions about Xi Jinping’s” “China Dream”, The Huffington Post, 20 August 2015,http://www.huffingtonpost.com/ryan-mitchell/clearing-up-some-misconce_b_8012152.html

Moshirzadeh, H., & Salavati, F. (2013). The Islamic World, Another Fundamentalist and American Ideal Myth in US Foreign Policy. , Foreign Relations Quarterly, Fifth Year, No. 1.

Nadkarni, V., & Noonan, N. C. (2013). Emerging powers in a comparative perspective : the political and economic rise of the BRIC countries. New York: Bloomsbury.

Reeves, R.V. (2018). Dream hoarders : how the American upper-middle-class is leaving everyone else in the dust, why that is a problem, and what to do about it. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press.

Salamon, S. and Mactavish, K. (2017). Singlewide : Chasing the American dream in a rural trailer park. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Tajik, M. (1999). Discourse and Discourse Analysis. Tehran: Discourse Culture.

Tajik, M. (2004). ) Discourse, Antecedents, and Politics of Tehran. : Institute for Research and Development in Humanities.

Trench, S. (2017). Set for life : dominate life, money and the American dream. Denver, Co: Biggerpockets Publishing.

Wai-Chung Ho. (2018). Culture, music education, and the Chinese dream in mainland China. Singapore Springer.

Wang, Junxiu (2019). Development of society on wheels : understanding the rise of automobile-dependency in China. Singapore: Springer.

Yazdani, E., & et all. (2016). Belt-Path Initiative: Consolidation of the Hartland Theory. ), Journal of Central Asian and Caucasian Studies, 96.

Zinn, H., & Arnove, A. (2017). A people’s history of the United States. New York, NY: Harper, An Imprint Of Harpercollinspublishers.

Zuo, Changsheng (2019). The evolution of China’s poverty alleviation and development policy (2001-2015). Singapore Springer.
How to Cite
Sarani, S., & Dehshiri, M. (2019). A comparative discourse analysis of the american dream and the China dream. Amazonia Investiga, 8(23), 112-122. Retrieved from https://www.amazoniainvestiga.info/index.php/amazonia/article/view/855