Production and Consumption Waste Sphere Management Modeling
Waste is one of the causes of disturbance of natural biogeochemical cycles, it covers significant areas for storage, pollutes the atmosphere, soil, surface and groundwater with harmful and toxic substances, dust, gaseous emissions. Waste management is crucial in the protection of our natural surroundings. The impact of the situation in the field of waste generation on the overall environmental situation is critical which makes it necessary to take this factor into account when assessing economic development. The environmental situation in Russia is estimated by many environmentalists as critical but stable without any major improvements. According to the Federal State Statistics Service, in the last decade annual discharges into wastewater have decreased (by 15.7% from 2005 to 2015) and so have air pollutants (by 12.7% over the same period), which is explained by the economic crisis (in 2008 and 2015) and some tightening of environmental legislation (increased payments for negative impact on the environment). The article examines methodical approaches to analysing and forecasting the processes in the sphere of handling production and consumption waste. The results of the forecast of the volume of accumulated waste based on the dynamic model of the interindustry balance are presented in the article. It also provides the indicators of total de-consumption by types of economic activity.
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